Sunday, November 23, 2014

STATE BIG ACADEMIC THEATRE


State Big Academic Theatre .... October 28, after six years of restoration opens Bolshoi Theatre. By modern standards the theater to 1 volume of the space for the viewer should fall 4 the amount of space for the company including barns, mechanics, storage and dressing room. Before closing the ratio was 1: 1. Now more fully meet these requirements.
State Big Academic Theatre (40 photos), photo: 1

Foyer of the administrative building. Now the whole complex of the Bolshoi Theatre is connected by underground and overground passage. From the gallery connecting the main administrative buildings and views of the theater square. The new dressing room. One of 50ti. By modern standards the theater to 1 volume of the space for the viewer should fall 4 the amount of space for the company including barns, mechanics, storage and dressing room. Before closing the ratio was 1: 1.Now more fully meet these requirements. On the elevator control buttons 14 - 10 to -4. However -4 floor of the theater does not end, but goes down another 2 levels - these auxiliary floors posted mechanics. After the reconstruction of the theater appeared 17 elevators, of which 6 are located in the historic part. terrazzo, painstakingly restored in two fragments found in the course of work in the director's area. Originally part of the mosaic was made ​​of sandstone, and the women who went here in high heels, these fragments dislodged. As a result, the entire floor was covered with holes. In the middle of XX century it was simply removed and thrown away and lay oak flooring. The auditorium of the main stage accommodates 1,768 people. Before restoration 2,100 people. In the early years after the opening of the restored Albert Kavos Bolshoi Theater room lit by candles and oil lamps. In order to light oil lamps chandeliers auditorium, it rises to the top in a special room. In 1863, this chandelier was replaced by a new one with 408 gas jets. According to eyewitnesses glass lamps lighting the gas is heated to such an extent that sometimes burst and the fragments fell on the heads of the audience. After 30 years at the Bolshoi appears electricity. Interestingly, for electric lighting Big and Small theaters in the early 1890s was built separate power plant in one of the rooms of the building of the Maly Theater. In connection with this development the gas chandelier auditorium rework under electric lights. As such, it remains to this day. According to the Albert Kavos, who led in the years 1853-1856 restoration of the Bolshoi Theatre burned down, to improve the acoustics of the hall ceiling is made ​​of wooden boards, they stretched canvas, and on this canvas painting done. This work was performed Academician Alexei Titov with his disciples. In the middle of the XIX century reverent attitude to antiquity was not, and academician Titov could afford some liberties. He understood that Greece has never been the muse of painting. But he threw out the pantheon of musical muse Polyhymnia muse and painted with a brush and palette. It is still present in the Bolshoi Theater. In the XIX century in the central part of the ceiling of the auditorium was made ​​the hole is used to exhaust smoke and soot from candles and oil lamps. Through the winter in the room penetrated the cold air in the summer on the beautiful canvas picks up moisture. Not surprisingly, the first restoration of the "Apollo and the Muses" had to make just a few years after the opening of the theater.All know the story ceiling 6 large restorations. When in 2005 the restorers went to the forest, they found the painting in a terrible state. Canvases in some places so far behind that hung from the ceiling pieces length of 1.5 meters. Some web sites were covered cigarette paper, that further there are no gaps. In previous restorations figure muses were cut, and the background, which was around them, carried out on the new canvas. But the technology of that time did not allow the similarity of colors. There have also been strongly curved and wooden structures. During the restoration of wooden boards were maximally straightened, canvases all backgrounds replaced with a new, different in color, painting patterns restored, renovated muses, surviving on old paintings. Theatrical buffet. This is a mandatory attribute of the Bolshoi Theater. He moved to the 4th floor and now occupies a huge area. Buffet Bolshoi Theatre today is unique - the only place in the building where you can see the windows on both sides. With architect Osip Bove there was a passage. Kavos is restored after a fire in the theater in 1853, did not set a goal as closely as possible to restore the theater, so some passages laying bricks, some of the rooms nailed boards. Part of the masonry bricks in the XVIII century. It turned out that the answer to this riddle is simple: when Beauvais restored theater in 1825, when the building used bricks left over from the burned during Napoleon's invasion of houses. Beethoven Hall. Previously, Beethoven was the main hall of the imperial lobby. This concert and rehearsal hall. Behind the wall 70 meters from the metro station "Theatre", but there is almost perfect silence. In addition to its primary function, this room is the recording studio of the Bolshoi Theatre. The scene is a transformer. 5 independent sites allow you to make any room configuration. Normal state sex - even with the lobby. Within 5 minutes the floor could fall to the level of minus 20.5 meters. Now it is omitted in the middle of the amphitheater. For half an hour from the lobby turns into a smooth hall for 300 people, just turns into a hall for the orchestra or choir and orchestra. The central lobby. Tile is made ​​in the same factory as the original in the 19th century. Furniture expect when everything is washed and cleaned. In general, the whole theater now - a grand place cleaning. Fabric inserts on theater furniture is also restored to keep the samples. The vases on the railing made ​​of alabaster - natural quartzite. He is thick and translucent. Doors and fittings restored. They can find the mark of the 19th century. The main hall of the imperial lobby. In the 19th century it was impossible to be anyone other than the emperor and his retinue. Room Acoustics shakes, a whisper from one corner to the other clearly audible.Tapestries so dilapidated that the first was the question of the feasibility of recovery, restoration took them 5 years, every inch of cloth with clean manually using cotton brush. The chandelier weighs 2 tons, diameter up to 6.5 meters and weighs 200 kilograms of crystal pendants. On its gilding took 300 grams of gold leaf. Recreating theater Kavos, being brilliant acoustics, applied many unusual solutions: each element works on sound, Hall follows the shape of a violin soundboard, all panels are made ​​of spruce resonance in the audience a lot of acoustic cavities cover itself scene are resonators. With this Bolshoi sound quality in the 19th century came in first place among the houses in the world. However, during the 20th century hall is losing its unique acoustics: chipped papier-mache sealed with plaster, and even cement, resonant cavities insulated foam deck under the stage is filled with concrete, etc. By 2005 Hall loses up to 50% of the acoustic properties.Recovery acoustics took over the company, "Muller BBM," in the process of restoration is completely recreate the original sound of the theater model, each element of the hall is calculated, each panel being tested, all materials up to the upholstery of chairs are consistent with the experts "Mueller BBM". It is hoped that the Big regain fame as one of the best acoustic halls in the world. Over the gilded panels employs 150 people, on the whole theater took four kilograms of gold thickness of 5 microns. Atlanta, holding the royal box, also made ​​of papier-mache. On stage is installation of scenery for the opera "Ruslan and Ludmila", but remove them categorically forbidden. Six of the upper levels of the theater are connected by so-called the circular corridors. Now they are restored in the form of what they conceived Albert Kavos in the XIX century. The new curtain embroidered with double-headed eagles and the word "Russian". One of wardrobes. Then I soriginalnichat and instead start a hanger, I will finish it.
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